A pregnancy test is essential for women in many ways. A pregnancy test checks for the occurrence of the hormones of pregnancy that is human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) in the urine. The moment you conceive, your body starts producing HCG. Enough amount of HCG provides for the pregnancy test just after the two weeks after you conceive. Many women ask how long should you wait to take a pregnancy test? According to your convenience, you can do the pregnancy test on the first day of your missed period. For this, you need to remember the cycle of your period, and you will get to know the exact date of your missing period.
It happens that people do not memorize the date of their next period. For that, you can do the test of pregnancy just after three weeks of your unprotected sex.
When Did You Conceive?
For conceiving, it is necessary that the egg will be released from the ovaries. Usually, the ovulation happens around fourteen days after the first day of your last period. The lifespan of an egg is twelve to twenty-four hours after it gets released. If a woman wants to get pregnant, a sperm needs to fertilize the egg during this period.
If we will talk about sperm so it can live up to 7 days within your body. It means that you could conceive if you have sex up to 7 days before you ovulate. It is advised from NICE that the best chance to get success is that you need to have sex for every 2 to 3 days all through the month. In this process, you do not have to take a note of the days when you ovulate.
HCG can also be noticeable in your urine after 7 days after you conceive. It might be available at very low levels, but this varies from women to women. There are many test that needs a high amount of HHCG to produce positive results.
If it is a positive outcome, it is mostly correct. You can make use of the pregnancy due date calculator to get to know the due date of your baby. Whereas, a negative result is less dependable. If you are not convinced with the negative result, just wait for a week and do the test once again.
Testing After A Abortion, Miscarriage or Ectopic Pregnancy:
It is possible that even after an abortion, miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy, the results may show positive for some weeks though you are no longer pregnant. It happens because the HCG can remain in your body. At this time, you may need to get some advice from the GP.
Accuracy Of Pregnancy Tests:
As long as you follow the instructions, the home pregnancy tests are very accurate. In most of the cases, the positive result of the test is very much correct while the negative one is less reliable.
The pregnancy result cannot turn out to be reliable if you:
• Are not able to follow the instructions correctly
• End up taking the test too early
• There are some medications that can also affect the results
• Buying a home pregnancy test kit from a supermarket or pharmacy
Doing A Test:
As I have discussed earlier also that your body produces human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG), when you become pregnant. The test detects the HCG in your urine and concludes the result. There are different ways in which a pregnancy test can be displayed. It is crucial to read the instructions thoroughly before doing the test. Make sure you take the from the first day of the period you missed otherwise it may not be accurate.
According to the instructions you can take the test anytime in the day. It is recommended to do it in the morning as your urine contains the biggest concentration of hormones during this time. Do not drink too much of liquid or fluid before the test as it can also dilute the HCG level in your urine.
After all, this lets’s talk about the positive and negative test results in detail.
Positive Result Of The Test:
There are more chances that you are pregnant if the result is positive. Make sure you contact you GP surgery as soon as possible. There is no need to repeat the test as home pregnancy test are very much accurate. It is advised to seek the advice of a healthcare professional if you want to continue with your pregnancy. If you wish to know the due date of the baby, use a pregnancy due date calculator.
Negative Result of The Test:
As I have said earlier also that negative results are not that accurate and less reliable. You may be pregnant, or you may not be. Suppose if you end up doing a pregnancy test too early, your HCG might not get develop, and it will give a negative test result.
The tests vary in their sensitivity. If you want to know the level of sensitivity of the test, do check the information on the packaging and you will get to know how sensitive your test is.
Most of you must be knowing that there are some drugs that can affect the result of the pregnancy test. Some medications that can do the same are:
• Medicines that are used to cure Parkinson’s disease
• Promethazine – Conditions like allergies can be treated by this medication
• Hypnotics, also termed as sleeping tablets.
• Diuretics: These medications help in increasing the amount of urine you produce. It is used to treat the conditions like heart failure
• Anticonvulsants: These medicines prevent the person who is dealing with the problem of fits or seizures. Epilepsy is that condition that can be cured by this medication.
• Infertility medications – Those medicines that are used to deal with the infertility
A patient leaflet comes with the pack that gives the information regarding these medications that will affect the results of the test. If you have any doubt, you can ask a pharmacist also.
Common Health Problems In Pregnancy:
Due to hormonal changes you end up getting constipation very early.
I have listed out few things that can help you in dealing with this constipation problem. Like:
- Try to eat those fruits that are rich in fibre. For example cereals, wholemeal bread, vegetables, fruits and pulses.
- To keep your muscles, exercise regularly.
- Drink enough amount of water
- Iron supplements can make a person constipated so avoid them. Consult with your doctor regarding this.
Cramp is a sharp and sudden pain that occurs in the feet or calf muscles. It usually happens in the night. Nobody knows the actual causes of cramps, but it does occur very frequently at the time of pregnancy.
Regular exercising will not only improve the circulation of your blood but also helps you to prevent the cramps. It particularly occurs at the time of leg and ankle movements. Try these exercises like:
• Stretch and bend your foot energetically up and down for almost thirty times.
• Rotate your foot in the circular motion both clockwise and anti-clockwise.
• Do the same with the other foot too.
Usually, it happens with a sudden movement. For example, if you pull your toes towards the ankle or if you rub the muscles hard. Do not take the painkillers without the prescription of a doctor.
It is very common with most of the pregnant women. Due to the hormonal changes, pregnant women feels like fainting. It happens when your brain is not getting enough oxygen and enough blood. You are more likely to feel like fainting if you stand too quickly out of a bath or from a chair. It may also happen when you are lying on your back.
Avoiding Feeling Faint:
Some tips to deal with this problem:
• Make sure you get up slowly after lying down or sitting.
• If you are feeling like fainting, quickly find a seat and sit calmly, it should pass. Still if it is not going then lie down on your side.
• Many pregnant women feel faint while lying on their back. So, at that time, turn onto your side.
During labor or later pregnancy, it is advised to the ladies to not to lie flat on their back. There are some symptoms that can mean you are going to faint. Some of them are:
• Ringing in your ears
• Clammy sweat
• Deep and fast breathing
It happens that, at the time of pregnancy ladies feel warmer than the usual. It is due to an increase in the supply of blood to the skin. Pregnant women are likely to sweat more. So to deal with this problem, you can:
- Try to wear some loose clothes that are made of natural fibres. These fibres are very porous and will also help you breathe more than synthetic fibres.
- Make sure that you keep the room cool.
- Wash your face frequently. It will help you to feel fresh.
It is a common problem during the pregnancy and also after the pregnancy. At the time of pregnancy, women get unable to prevent a small leak or sudden gush of urine when they laugh, cough or sneeze. It is a temporary problem that occurs due to pelvic floor muscles. The muscles slightly relax to prepare the delivery of the baby. You can deal with this problem by doing pelvic floor exercises.
When To Get Help:
In most of the cases, this problem of incontinence is curable. If it is giving a lot of problem to you then do consult your health visitor or doctor.
This problem starts in early pregnancy and continues throughout pregnancy. In case of later pregnancy, it is the matter of baby’s head pressing on your bladder.
How To Deal With It:
If you are finding that you need to get up in the middle of the night to pass urine, it means you are taking excess amount of drinks or fluids. Reduce the intake of drinks after late evening. Make sure you take enough amount of caffeine free and non-alcoholic drinks in the daytime. Some women find it helpful to rock forwards and backwards on the toilet. It reduces the pressure on the bladder and makes it easier for you to empty it properly.
When To Take The Help:
You have a urine infection if you are getting blood in your urine or having pain while passing the urine. Make sure you consult a doctor as this situation needs a treatment. Try to drink plenty of water so that it will dilute your urine and reduces the pain. It is very necessary to contact your GP within twenty-four hours if you start noticing these symptoms. Ask a pharmacist or a doctor before taking any medications at the time of pregnancy.
Hair and Skin Changes in Pregnancy:
Do not get panic if the area around your nipples and even your nipples can go darker, it happens due to hormonal changes. Your skin color can also get darker a little. Moles, birthmarks and freckles can also turn dark. All these changes will fade away once the baby is born, but there are fewer chances that your nipples can get the original color back.
It is advised not to take sunbathe at the time of pregnancy otherwise you will feel more burn. Try not to stay in the sun for a long time and protect your skin with a good sunscreen. Pregnancy can also make your hair greasier and also increases the hair growth. You can feel that you are losing a lot of hair after the birth of your baby but do not panic because you are losing the extra hair.
Now you know how long should you wait to take a pregnancy test? Make sure you consult a doctor if you want some advice.